A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign (i.e. flip the North and South. Magnetic Torquers. These devices interact with the Earth’s magnetic field and create control torque, which can be adjusted to the required value. Combined with. In this work the issue of acceleration disturbances onboard of GRACE due to magnetic torquers is investigated and discussed. Each of the.

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Spacecraft attitude control Spacecraft propulsion Spacecraft components.

We could have started at this step by choosing the principle reference frame to start, but many seem comforted by starting with the full EOM. Very small satellites may use permanent magnets instead of coils. It is also impossible to control attitude in all three axes even if the full three coils are used, because the torque can be generated only perpendicular to the Earth’s magnetic field vector. If you are lined up perfectly with the magnetic field, you cannot control your rotation about the field.

It’s completely unsuitable for agile spacecraft e. Basically, most magnetorquers function something like bar magnets that can be dialed to select how powerful, and what direction, they pull in. I have magnetorquers on the satellite of a known strength, and I’m trying to determine how much control authority I have in various directions. I have a location of a satellite in LEO, and the magnetic field vector for said satellite. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The magnets themselves are mechanically anchored to the craft, so that any magnetic force they exert on the surrounding magnetic field will lead to a magnetic reverse force and result in mechanical torque about the vessel’s center of gravity. This artificial field interacts with the Earth’s magnetic torques to produce a net external torque on the vehicle that will tend to line up the fields. Without resistance, it will overshoot the pole, making it difficult to exactly line up on an axis.


Torque rods are used to desaturate these effectors which accumulate momentum due to disturbance magnetid like atmospheric drag, and to de-spin satellites e. Subsequently, the torques provided are very limited and only serve to accelerate or decelerate the change in a spacecraft’s attitude by minute amounts.

The main disadvantage of magnetid is that very high magnetic flux densities are needed if large craft have to be turned very fast.

Magnetorquer – Wikipedia

Unlike thrustersthey do not require expendable propellant either, so they could in theory work indefinitely as long as sufficient power is available to match the resistive load of the coils. Specifically, let’s assume the following hypothetical torquuers. Typically three coils are used, although reduced configurations of two or even one magnet can suffice where full attitude control is not needed or external forces like asymmetric drag allow underactuated control.

A further advantage over momentum wheels and troquers moment gyroscopes is the absence of moving parts and therefore significantly higher reliability. This means that the magnetorquer will have to be continuously operated, and at a power level which is enough to counter the resistive forces present.

A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign i. I know that even if you have 3 axis of magnetic torquers, in effect there is only 2 axis of control, and I’m trying to figure out how all of this works exactly.


There is always one axis that you cannot rotate about, although you might be able magnetix mitigate it with some effort. In Earth orbit, sunlight is one such practically inexhaustible energy source, using solar panels. Post as a guest Name. Magnetorquers are lightweight, reliable, and energy-efficient. Sign up torqhers Facebook. Equating the control torque with the rigid-body rotational equations of motion:.

Equating the control torque with the rigid-body rotational equations of motion: The dipole interacts with the magnetic field generating a torque whose expression is:. Archived from the original pdf on That field is controlled by switching current flow through the coils on or off, usually under computerized feedback control.

This either necessitates a very high current in the coils, or much higher ambient flux densities than are available in Earth orbit. Email Required, but never shown. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from December Math is very frequently helpful in rorquers.


Magnetorquers are essentially sets of electromagnets which are laid out to yield a rotationally asymmetric anisotropic magnetic field over an extended area. However, there are different ways to obtain the coil, thus according to the construction strategy it is possible to find three type of magnetorquer, apparently very different from each other but based on the same concept [1]:.

The construction of a magnetorquer is based on the realization of a coil with a defined area and number of turns according to the required performances.

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