Khudai Khidmatgar Movement was organized by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan popularly known as Bacha khan, on a non-violence approach to the. He started the Khudai Khidmatgar movement (Servants of God). Khudai Khidmatgar movement was a non-violent freedom struggle against the. The Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) was a group founded by Abdul Ghaffar Khan in and its success in furthering the movement for Indian Independence.
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After an instance of violence, Ghaffar Khan fasted for three days to punish the perpetrators. We were human beings, but we should not cry or express in any way that we were injured or weak. Due to pressure across India, the British government finally released Bacha Khan mivement lifted restrictions on the movement.
The crackdown that followed culminated with the Babra Sharif massacre. This would help them to put the Pashtoon society on the path of development. Forced labor, physical violence, torture, and even sexual abuse were common actions taken against the Khudai Khidmatgar volunteers.
But nothing can conquer nonviolence. We are the army of God By death or wealth unmoved, We march, our leader and we, Ready to die!
The movement was also hit by defections as party movwment switched sides out of fear or for benefit. Seeking allies, leaders approached the Muslim League and Indian National Congress ; after being rebuffed by the former inthe movement formally joined the Congress Party. For Pushtoon intelligentsia it was based upon promotion of the Pushtoon culture and elimination of the influences of big landlords; for Ulema its anti- British stand became a cause of attraction and for the poor peasants, kyidmatgar meant to check economic oppression of the big landlords.
Some members of the Anjumen suggested launching another organization on the model of the Young Turks, Young Afghans, Young Khivas and similar organization outside India, on the plea to attract the Young Pushtoon kuidmatgar.
By the end of the destruction, approximately unarmed people were killed and many more were injured. Though this lifestyle resembled that of a military soldier, with leaders within the movement given ranks as heads of units, nonviolence was always the emphasis.
Khudai Khidmatgar Movement | Organized by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan popularly known as Bacha khan
They began by wearing a simple white overshirt, but the white was soon dirtied. Lokashakti Login Email address Password. This crackdown ultimately led to the Babra Sharif massacre.
After the anti-war resignation of Dr. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
A study of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement, 1930-47, North-West Frontier Province, British India.
Inthe Khudai Khidmatgar movement changed its tactics and involved women in the movement. The refusal by Bacha Khan to accept Salaar Aslam caused a great damage to the party in southern districts of the province where Khudai Khidmatgars won all the khidmaggar of the provincial as well as national assemblies in the previous elections.
He had come to make his escape to Nazi Germany via Afghanistan. The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society. During the demonstration, British soldiers began shooting at the protestors, who maintained their nonviolent discipline even as they were fired upon.
GK Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan – General Knowledge Today
He taught people that they should become involved in work outside of farming, so that the Indian population would not be completely dependent on the British. It occurred after Bacha Khan refused to accept the results of the internal party elections in which Salar Aslam Khan of Kohat won the contest as president of Pakhtun Zalmey with overwhelming majority.
The province due to its movemrnt geographical location moveemnt treated by the British administration different from the rest of India. The army was completely voluntary; even the officers gave their services free. Print Visual Audio Video.
This brought social, political and economic backwardness in the Pushtoon moevment. Unfortunately, incivil disobedience was suspended throughout India, and it would not be until that independence was achieved.
The movement’s claim to total movvement seems flawed as well; some critics argue that while the movement proved a success against the British, it like other non-violent movements would not have proved a success against another Imperial power. Due to some unchangeable principles of Pushtunwali, the Pakhtun society was entangled in endless tribal feuds. This was only met with increased violence from the British government.
Khan did not find Islam and non-violence as incompatible.