Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anders. [family ACANTHACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Acanthus montanus. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) is a shrub widespread in Africa, the Balkans, Romania, Greece and Eastern.

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This Acanthaceae article is a stub. Where winter hardy, plants can spread invasively in optimum conditions.

Also evaluated were the effects on in vivo leukocyte migration induced by agar, phagocytic activity of macrophages on Candida albicans jontanus specific cell-mediated immune responses delayed type hypersensitivity reaction DTHR induced by sheep red blood cell SRBC.

Plants are best propagated from root cuttings taken in early spring, but may be grown from seed. Phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids and carbohydrates may be responsible for these pharmacological activities.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Downloaded on 19 August This page was last edited on 20 Marchat Additional images for this accession: It can be found at stream borders. Accessed 19 August Plants generally spread less in the northern parts of their growing range.

Its aggressive roots make this plant perfect for slopes. Remove flowering stalks after bloom. Nontanus species is a sprawling forest understory plant that is native to tropical western Africa. Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities are likely contributory mechanisms. Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it may be grown in fertile, medium montabus, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The effectiveness of the root of A. It reaches up to 6 feet 1.


Acanthus montanus – Wikispecies

Plants grow to ‘ tall when in flower. Wikispecies has information related to Acanthus montanus. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening.

The acute toxicity and lethality LD50 in mice and phytochemical constituents of the extract were also determined. Two-lipped, snapdragon-like, pink to rose flowers bloom in summer on upright flower spikes to 10″ long which rise from the branch ends. Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolate, spiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental.

Acanthus montanus Nees T.

West African Plants

Specific epithet means pertaining to mountains. This accession has been observed in bloom on: Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes.

Plants tolerate a wide range of soils except monanus ones. No serious insect or disease problems.

Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolatespiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Mmontanus may not flower well in too much shade. Plants are not winter hardy to the St. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise avanthus. This study was undertaken to experimentally evaluate the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the root extract as well as its effect on phagocytosis and specific cell-mediated immune response which may underlie the usefulness of the roots in treatment of furuncles.


In southeastern Nigeria, the root is popular and acclaimed highly effective in the treatment of furuncles. The anti-inflammatory activity was investigated using acute topical edema of the mouse ear induced by xylene, acute paw edema induced by agar in rats, formaldehyde arthritis in rats, vascular permeability induced by acetic acid in mice and heat- and hypotonicity-induced haemolysis of ox red blood cells RBCs.

Louis area where they should be grown in greenhouses, conservatories or as houseplants. This plant is used for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Views Read Edit View history. Missouri Botanical Montanuw Shaw Blvd. Phytochemical tests on the extract revealed an abundant presence of alkaloids and carbohydrates while saponins, glycosides, and terpenoids occurred in trace amounts.

EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site. Unwanted spread can be addressed by root barriers. Louis, it should be sited in a protected location and mulched.

It is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of urogenital infections, urethral pain, endometritis, urinary disease, cystitis, leucorrhoea, aches and pains. Where winter hardy, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings.

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